Download E-books The Circassian Genocide (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights) PDF

By Walter Richmond

Circassia was once a small self reliant country at the northeastern shore of the Black Sea. For no cause except ethnic hatred, over the process hundreds and hundreds of raids the Russians drove the Circassians from their place of origin and deported them to the Ottoman Empire. at the least 600,000 humans misplaced their lives to bloodbath, hunger, and the weather whereas millions extra have been pressured to depart their place of origin. via 1864, three-fourths of the inhabitants used to be annihilated, and the Circassians had develop into one of many first stateless peoples in glossy history.

Using infrequent archival fabrics, Walter Richmond chronicles the background of the conflict, describes intimately the ultimate genocidal crusade, and follows the Circassians in diaspora via 5 generations as they try to outlive and go back domestic. He areas the sessions of acute genocide, 1821–1822 and 1863–1864, within the higher context of centuries of anxiety among the 2 countries and updates the tale to the current day because the Circassian neighborhood works to realize overseas reputation of the genocide because the sector prepares for the 2014 wintry weather Olympics in Sochi, the location of the Russians’ ultimate victory.

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Download E-books Zhukov At the Oder: The Decisive Battle for Berlin PDF

In his new booklet, Tony Le Tissier presents the 1st unique account of the Soviet-German clash east of Berlin, culminating in 1945 with the final significant land conflict in Europe that proved decisive for the destiny of Berlin. whilst the 1st purple military soldier reached the Oder at the thirty first of January, all people on the Soviet Headquarters anticipated Marshall Zhukov's troops to deliver a short finish to the battle. besides the fact that, regardless of determined battling via each side, a stalemate endured for 2 months, on the finish of which the Soviet bridgeheads north and south of Kustrin have been united and the fort ultimately fell. by way of drawing not just on reliable assets, but additionally at the debts of people concerned, Le Tissier meticulously reconstructs the tricky step forward completed at the Oder: the institution of bridgeheads, the conflict for the fort of Kustrin, the bloody struggle for Seelow Heights. various maps and step-by-step illustrations express the operations of either contestants intimately and show a best episode within the background of the second one international warfare in Europe.

In his new booklet, Tony Le Tissier offers the 1st special account of the Soviet-German clash east of Berlin, culminating in 1945 with the final significant land conflict in Europe that proved decisive for the destiny of Berlin. whilst the 1st pink military soldier reached the Oder at the thirty first of January, every person on the Soviet Headquarters anticipated Marshall Zhukov's troops to deliver a short finish to the battle. besides the fact that, regardless of determined scuffling with via each side, a stalemate persevered for 2 months, on the finish of which the Soviet bridgeheads north and south of Kustrin have been united, and the castle ultimately fell.

By drawing not just on reliable assets, but additionally at the debts of people concerned, Le Tissier meticulously reconstructs the tricky step forward accomplished at the Oder: the institution of bridgeheads, the conflict for the castle of Kustrin, and the bloody struggle for Seelow Heights. quite a few maps and step-by-step illustrations express the operations of either contestants intimately and show a best episode within the background of the second one global battle in Europe.

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Download E-books Livonia, Rus and the Baltic Crusades in the Thirteenth Century (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450) PDF

This monograph by way of Anti Selart is the 1st finished examine on hand in English at the family members among northern crusaders and Rus'. Selart re-examines the critical problems with this important interval of building the medieval kin of the Catholic and Orthodox worlds just like the conflict at the Ice (1242) and the function of Alexander Nevsky utilizing the proper resource fabric of each side . He additionally considers the large context of the heritage of crusading and the total jap and northerly Europe from Hungary and Poland to Denmark, Finland, and Sweden in 1180-1330. This monograph contests the life of the constitutive spiritual clash and huge competitive ideas within the zone the tips which had performed a important function in smooth historiography and ideology."

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Download E-books Nineteenth Century Russia: Opposition to Autocracy PDF

By Derek Offord

This new Seminar learn presents scholars with a lucrative advent to nineteenth-century Russia. this era of Russian background is, in fact, characterized by means of the flowering of an tremendously wealthy highbrow and cultural lifestyles, the origins of which lie within the intelligentsia¿s competition to autocratic rule. right here, Professor Offord introduces the reader to the interval whereas focusing really at the upward thrust of radicalism.

The e-book opens with scene-setting chapters: one taking a look at the political and social constitution strange to Russia, and the second one taking a look at the cultural and highbrow history. Then, inside of a chronological framework, the writer examines all of the nice 'events' within the heritage of Russian radicalism - from the Decembrist insurrection in 1825, to the 'going to the folk' in 1874, and the assassination of Alexander II in 1881. even if, through the textual content sustained consciousness is given to the highbrow measurement of nineteenth-century Russian historical past. Professor Offord examines the entire significant colleges of suggestion and appears intimately in any respect the good thinkers of the day, together with Chaadaev, Belinsky, Herzen, Chernyshevsky, Bakunin and Tolstoy.

This new ebook will supply crucial examining for a person learning nineteenth-century Russia. Lucid, obtainable and immensely readable, it's a ambitious achievement.

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Download E-books Behind the Facade of Stalin's Command Economy: Evidence from the Soviet State and Party Archives PDF

The "red records" printed. studying the interval from the early Thirties via Stalin's dying in 1953—the peak of the Stalinist regime—this enlightening booklet unearths what now we have realized from the information, what has shocked us, and what has proven what we already knew. many of the authors have labored with those files considering the fact that they have been opened.

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